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Milestone for laser technology: Huge research machine much smaller and cost-effective

Research team demonstrates free-electron laser driven by plasma accelerated electron beams and seeded by additional light pulses


Extremely intense light pulses generated by free-electron lasers (FELs) are versatile tools in research. Particularly in the X-ray range, they can be deployed to analyze the details of atomic structures of a wide variety of materials. Until now, FELs such as the European XFEL in Germany are based ...


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Water that simply will not freeze

An exotic interplay of electrons: International research team discovers novel quantum state


Water that simply will not freeze, no matter how cold it gets – a research group involving the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) has discovered a quantum state that could be described in this way. Experts from the Institute of Solid State Physics at the University of Tokyo in Japan, ...


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The color play of mineral resources

Finding rare earths: Dr. René Booysen receives the L'Oréal-UNESCO Prize for Women in Science for her exploration research


Dr. René Booysen researches the exploration of mineral deposits. At the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF), belonging to the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), she develops sensor-based exploration techniques to identify resources in a non-invasive way. Each ...


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Metamaterial for the terahertz age

Tailored quantum materials as a high-efficiency frequency booster


An international research team, comprising scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), the Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and JMU Würzburg, has found a way of generating terahertz radiation by frequency conversion much more efficient than with previous ...


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Innovative graphite recycling awarded as top European innovation

Anna Vanderbruggen receives the EIT CHANGE Award for her revolutionary graphite extraction method which could decrease the environmental footprint of battery production


Each year, the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) celebrates the entrepreneurial and societal achievements of its innovators. They are honored with the EIT Awards in four categories: CHANGE, Innovators, Venture and Women Leadership. Anna Vanderbruggen received the CHANGE Award ...


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Building scaffolds using exotic elements: Research team succeeds in creating novel metal-organic frameworks


Discovered 25 years ago, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) quickly gained the aura of a “miracle material” due to their particular properties: their large inner surfaces and tuneable pore sizes facilitate improved applications, for example in materials separation and gas storage. While previous ...


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Making nanodiamonds out of bottle plastic

Research team uses laser flashes to simulate the interior of ice planets – and spurs a new process for producing miniscule diamonds


What goes on inside planets like Neptune and Uranus? To find out, an international team headed by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), the University of Rostock and France’s École Polytechnique conducted a novel experiment. They fired a laser at a thin film of simple PET plastic and ...


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Levitating rarities

Magnetic trapping of rare-earth ions may lead to a handy technology for their separation


Some raw materials are considered critical by the European Commission. These include many representatives from the rare-earth elements group, for which supply bottlenecks are imminent and no simple substitute options in technological applications exist. With currently no economically feasible ...


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Surprising turbulence: HZDR team comes across unexpected flow behavior in liquid metals

Implications for battery technology


Some metals are in liquid form, the prime example being mercury. But there are also enormous quantities of liquid metal in the Earth’s core, where temperatures are so high that part of the iron is molten and undergoes complex flows. A team at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) has ...


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On the Hunt for Ultra-Thin Materials Using Data Mining

Study identifies extensive set of novel 2D materials


Two-dimensional (2D) materials possess extraordinary properties. They usually consist of atomic layers that are only a few nanometers thick and are particularly good at conducting heat and electricity, for instance. To the astonishment of many scientists, it recently became known that 2D ...


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