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Human-driven carbon release rate unprecedented in past 66 million years

Humans responsible for carbon release 10 times faster than any event since age of dinosaurs


The earliest measurements of Earth's climate using thermometers and other tools start in the 1850s. To look further back in time, scientists investigate air bubbles trapped in ice cores, expanding the scope of climate records to nearly a million years. But to study Earth's history over millions ...


The role of goop: Research shows pollution doesn't change the rate of droplet formation


When it comes to forming the droplets that make up clouds, a little oily and viscous organic material apparently doesn't matter that much. And that's good news for reducing the uncertainty of climate model predictions. Understanding cloud formation is essential for accurate climate modeling, and ...


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Engineers show feasibility of superfast materials

'Organic topological insulators' for quantum computing


University of Utah engineers demonstrated it is feasible to build the first organic materials that conduct electricity on their edges, but act as an insulator inside. These materials, called organic topological insulators, could shuttle information at the speed of light in quantum computers and ...


$13-million NSF center to explore new ways to manipulate light at the nanoscale


A new $13-million National Science Foundation center based at the University of Michigan will develop high-tech materials that manipulate light in new ways. The research could enable advances such as invisibility cloaks, nanoscale lasers, high-efficiency lighting, and quantum computers. The ...


LSU researcher receives NSF rapid response grant to study health of marshes impacted by oil

Brings together three universities to develop detailed analysis and insight into molecular-level affects


LSU Associate Professor of Chemistry Robert Cook has recently received a rapid response grant from the National Science Foundation, or NSF, to investigate the impact of oil from the Deepwater Horizon disaster on Louisiana's highly fertile, productive and delicate marshlands by studying dissolved ...


K-State chemist gets grant for research aiding in development of artificial photovoltaic devices


A Kansas State University professor has a grant to study an area of physical chemistry that will provide more insight into the electronic structure and energy transfer processes in natural and artificial photosynthetic complexes. Some day, this could help in the development of devices that more ...


UCI chemistry center awarded $20 million from NSF

Scientists seek to video the inner workings of single molecules


A UC Irvine center that aims to make real-time videos of single molecules in action has been awarded $20 million over five years from the National Science Foundation. UCI's Chemistry at the Space-Time Limit is one of three NSF Centers for Chemical Innovation. Its scientists hope to become the ...


Researchers Make Breakthrough in the Production of Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Northwestern University team develops new method to reliably produce and sort out double-walled carbon nanotubes


In recent years, the possible applications for double-walled carbon nanotubes have excited scientists and engineers, particularly those working on developing renewable energy technologies. These tiny tubes, just two carbon atoms thick, are thin enough to be transparent, yet can still conduct ...


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New Research Center Will Free Chemistry from Earth's Bonds

Scientists to explore chemical reactions in extreme conditions


A new research center combining the tools of chemistry and astronomy will use the unique laboratory of interstellar space to free the study of basic chemistry from the restrictive bonds of Earth. The Center for Chemistry of the Universe will allow scientists to explore new types of chemical ...


NSF and EPA establish 2 centers for environmental implications of nanotechnology

Centers will focus on environmental effects of nanotechnology and its applications


The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have made awards to establish two Centers for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology (CEIN). The centers, led by UCLA and Duke University, will study how nanomaterials interact with the environment ...


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