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High‐temperature copolyamides obtained by the efficient transamidation of crystalline–crystalline polyamide blends

ABSTRACT

High‐performance thermoplastic composites based on semiaromatic polyamides are prime candidates for metal replacement in lightweight structural applications. However, the low ductility and toughness of semiaromatic polyamides remain major obstacles to their wider industrial application. In this study, we showed that novel random copolymers were formed by the unexpectedly efficient transamidation during the melt compounding of semicrystalline semiaromatic and aliphatic polyamides. Thus, homogeneous materials with a single glass transition and a high degree of crystalline order were obtained from blends of the semiaromatic poly(hexamethylene terephthalamide‐co‐isophthalamide) (PA6TI) with poly(hexamethylene adipamide) (PA66) or poly(hexamethylene sebacoamide) (PA610). By contrast, phase segregation and a less efficient transamidation was observed for cocompounded PA6TI and polylaurolactam (PA12). We attributed this to differences in the hydrogen‐bonding patterns of the two polyamides. This study opened the way for the preparation of novel high‐performance thermoplastic polyamides and composites through simple melt compounding. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2016, 133, 44349.

Authors:   Julien Cretenoud, Sylvain Galland, Christopher J. G. Plummer, Véronique Michaud, Andreas Bayer, Nikolai Lamberts, Botho Hoffmann, Holger Frauenrath
Journal:   Journal of Applied Polymer Science
Year:   2016
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/app.44349
Publication date:   22-Sep-2016
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