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Recognition of 1,3‐Butadiene by a Porous Coordination Polymer

Abstract

The separation of 1,3‐butadiene from C4 hydrocarbon mixtures is imperative for the production of synthetic rubbers, and there is a need for a more economical separation method, such as a pressure swing adsorption process. With regard to adsorbents that enable C4 gas separation, [Zn(NO2ip)(dpe)]n (SD‐65; NO2ip=5‐nitroisophthalate, dpe=1,2‐di(4‐pyridyl)ethylene) is a promising porous material because of its structural flexibility and restricted voids, which provide unique guest‐responsive accommodation. The 1,3‐butadiene‐selective sorption profile of SD‐65 was elucidated by adsorption isotherms, in situ PXRD, and SSNMR studies and was further investigated by multigas separation and adsorption–desorption‐cycle experiments for its application to separation technology.

A selective gas guzzler: A hydrophobic and flexible triply interpenetrated porous coordination polymer (PCP) recognized 1,3‐butadiene gas among six other C4 gases under ambient conditions (see picture). Specific C−H–π interactions in the restricted voids is the key to the accommodation of 1,3‐butadiene, as determined by solid‐state NMR spectroscopy.

Authors:   Keisuke Kishida, Yoshikuni Okumura, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Megumi Mukoyoshi, Silvia Bracco, Angiolina Comotti, Piero Sozzani, Satoshi Horike, Susumu Kitagawa
Journal:   Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Year:   2016
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/anie.201607676
Publication date:   04-Oct-2016
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • gas separation
  • ethylene
  • adsorption
  • adsorbents
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