Lignin from Eucalyptus spp. Kraft Black Liquor as Biofuel
Pulp mills located in Uruguay process Eucalyptus spp. wood from plantations. Black liquor is burnt in the recovery boiler, generating an excess of energy that is converted to electricity and sold to the grid. Lignin, the main component of black liquor, is a natural polymer, abundant, and readily obtained by acid precipitation. A recovery process of lignin from black liquor in a pulp mill produces a biofuel to be used within at the plant or to be marketed locally, diversifying the energy offer of Uruguay, a country with no fossil fuels. In the present contribution, technical-grade lignin (average of 94% total lignin) was obtained experimentally in a pilot plant by acid precipitation (H2SO4), sedimentation, filtration, and washing of the slurry and assessed as fuel: it presented a high caloric value (26 MJ/kg), low carbohydrate content, and low K and Na contents. The results of the economic analysis showed that a production of 3400 tons of lignin per year could be produced at a cost of 692 US$/ton. At a sma...
Andrés Dieste; Leonardo Clavijo; Ana I. Torres; Stéphan Barbe; Ignacio Oyarbide; Leonardo Bruno; Francisco Cassella
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