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Coordination of KrF2 to a Naked Metal Cation, Mg2+

Abstract

Examples of coordination compounds in which KrF2 functions as a ligand are very rare. In contrast, XeF2 provides a rich coordination chemistry with a variety of main‐group and transition metal cations. The reactions of Mg(AsF6)2 and KrF2 in HF or BrF5 solvent have afforded [Mg(KrF2)4(AsF6)2] and [Mg(KrF2)4(AsF6)2]⋅2 BrF5, respectively, the first examples of a metal cation ligated by KrF2. Their X‐ray crystal structures and Raman spectra show that the KrF2 ligands and [AsF6] anions are F‐coordinated to a naked Mg2+ cation. Quantum‐chemical calculations are consistent with essentially non‐covalent ligand‐metal bonding. These compounds significantly extend the XeF2–KrF2 analogy and the limited chemistry of krypton by introducing a new class of coordination compound in which KrF2 functions as a ligand towards a naked metal cation.

Krypton difluoride, a thermodynamically unstable and potent oxidative fluorinator, coordinates to Mg2+ to form the coordination complexes, [Mg(KrF2)4(AsF6)2] and [Mg(KrF2)4(AsF6)2]⋅2 BrF5. The complexes were characterized by low‐temperature single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction and low‐temperature Raman spectroscopy. Computational studies show that the Mg−F bonds are essentially non‐covalent, weakly electrostatic interactions.

Authors:   Matic Lozinšek, Hélène P. A. Mercier, David S. Brock, Boris Žemva, Gary J. Schrobilgen
Journal:   Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Year:   2017
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/anie.201611534
Publication date:   12-Jan-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • interactions
  • crystal structures
  • cations
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