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High‐Pressure Homogenization: Simplified Drop Deformation Estimate during Transition through Orifices


The breakup process of primary drops during transition through slots or small openings has been examined frequently in the past. Recent experiments show strong influence of the dispersed‐phase viscosity on the deformation of drops at the inlet of orifices that cannot be explained by the equilibrium approach based on capillary numbers or viscosity ratios only. It is necessary to account for the strongly transient character of the process. A quantitative treatment of this behavior based on relationships from the literature and executed with feasible numerical effort is presented. It is shown that the course of the extension rate of the flow and all properties of the system have a major influence on the drop deformation in front of the orifice. The threadlike deformed drops are precursors for the subsequent breakup process downstream.

Deformation of primary drops passing through orifices in high‐pressure homogenizers is subject to high and time‐dependent strain. The drop deformation can be estimated based on models from the literature. The strong damping effect of the dispersed‐phase viscosity observed earlier in experiments is confirmed.

Authors:   Peter E. Walzel
Journal:   Chemical Engineering & Technology
Volume:   40
edition:   2
Year:   2017
Pages:   405
DOI:   10.1002/ceat.201600364
Publication date:   16-Jan-2017
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