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Materials, Vol. 10, Pages 121: Machinability of Minor Wooden Species before and after Modification with Thermo-Vacuum Technology

The influence of the thermal modification process on wood machinability was investigated with four minor species of low economic importance. A set of representative experimental samples was machined to the form of disks with sharp and dull tools. The resulting surface quality was visually evaluated by a team of experts according to the American standard procedure ASTM D-1666-87. The objective quantification of the surface quality was also done by means of a three dimensions (3D) surface scanner for the whole range of grain orientations. Visual assessment and 3D surface analysis showed a good agreement in terms of conclusions. The best quality of the wood surface was obtained when machining thermally modified samples. The positive effect of the material modification was apparent when cutting deodar cedar, black pine and black poplar in unfavorable conditions (i.e., against the grain). The difference was much smaller for an easy-machinability specie such as Italian alder. The use of dull tools resulted in the worst surface quality. Thermal modification has shown a very positive effect when machining with dull tools, leading to a relevant increment of the final surface smoothness.

Authors:   Sandak, Jakub ; Goli, Giacomo ; Cetera, Paola ; Sandak, Anna ; Cavalli, Alberto ; Todaro, Luigi
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   10
edition:   2
Year:   2017
Pages:   121
DOI:   10.3390/ma10020121
Publication date:   28-Jan-2017
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