Available online 18 March 2017
Source:Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Author(s): Burçak Ebin, Marca Doeff, Vincent Battaglia
Nanocrystalline LiAl0.1Cu0.1Mn1.8O4 particles were prepared by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis using nitrate salts at 800°C in air atmosphere. The effects of ultrasonic frequency (120kHz and 2.4MHz) of the atomizer on the particle properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive spectroscopy. In addition, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic tests were performed to study the influence of the particle structure on the electrochemical behavior in Li-ion battery half-cell. Particle characterization studies reveal that the LiAl0.1Cu0.1Mn1.8O4 particles have a nanocrystalline spinel structure. The secondary particles have a spherical morphology and the average particle size of the samples decreases with increase in frequency from 3.5μm to 770nm. Both samples have porous and partly hollow structure. The initial discharge capacities of LiAl0.1Cu0.1Mn1.8O4 particles produced using 120kHz and 2.4MHz atomizers are 82 and 75mAh·g−1
, respectively, between 3.0 and 4.8V at 0.1C rate. Discharge capacities at the 4V potential region drop to 85% of the initial values for both samples after 110cycles. Although the micron-sized LiAl0.1Cu0.1Mn1.8O4 particles exhibit higher capacity at 0.1C than the finer particles, the cathode prepared from the submicron particles has a better rate capability with a retention of the discharge capacity that is 3 times higher at 4C rate.