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Dilute Vapor Absorption: A New Accurate Technique for Measurement of the Limiting Activity Coefficient of Water in Hydrophobic Solvents of Lower Volatility

An accurate experimental method for the determination of the limiting activity coefficient of water in hydrophobic solvents was described theoretically; the pertinent apparatus was built and its performance was duly verified. The method is based on continuously saturating the solvent by a gas stream of a constant and known humidity up to the attainment of the steady state and subsequent determination of the water content in the solvent by Karl Fischer titration. Using this new method, accurate values of the limiting activity coefficient of water were determined in eight selected solvents. The measurements were carried out at several temperatures and from these data the infinite dilution dissolution enthalpy and entropy of water in the solvents were evaluated. They both exhibit highly positive values reflecting the breakage of the hydrogen bonding network of water upon its dissolution in the solvents. Prediction of the water limiting activity coefficients was further attempted using the Modified UNIFAC met...

Authors:   Jan Haidl; Vladimír Dohnal
Journal:   Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.jced.7b00114
Publication date:   28-Mar-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • gas
  • entropy
  • dissolution
  • absorption
More about American Chemical Society Publications
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