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Energies, Vol. 10, Pages 654: Study on the Propagation Laws of Hydrofractures Meeting a Faulted Structure in the Coal Seam

Hydraulic fracturing is an important technique for increasing coal seam permeability and productivity of CBM (coalbed methane). As a common type of faulted structure in the coal seam, the fault has a direct impact on the direction and scope of hydrofracture propagation, weakening fracturing effects. To study the propagation laws of a hydrofracture meeting a fault in the coal seam, based on a two-dimensional model of a hydrofracture meeting a fault, the combined elastic mechanics and fracture mechanics, the propagation mode, critical internal water pressure, and influencing factors were analyzed. A numerical simulation on the propagation laws of hydrofracture meeting a fault was conducted by using the coupling system of flow and solid in the rock failure process analysis (RFPA2D-Flow). The results show that the horizontal crustal stress difference, the intersection angle between hydrofracture and fault plane, and the physical mechanics characteristics of coal-rock bed are the main factors influencing fracture propagation. With a decrease of horizontal crustal stress differences, intersection angle and an increase of roof elasticity modulus, it is easier for the footwall hydrofracture to enter the hanging wall along the bedding plane, forming an effective fracture. When the stress difference is large and the dip angle of fault plane surpasses 45°, the hydrofracture is easy to propagate towards the coal roof and floor by going through the fault plane. At this time, the coal seams of the footwall and the hanging wall should be fractured respectively to ensure fracturing effects, and the support of the roof and floor should be strengthened. The field experiment, theoretical analysis and numerical simulation were consistent in their results, which will contribute to the optimization of hydraulic fracturing and the prediction of hydrofracture in the coal seams containing faults.

Authors:   Wang, Haiyang ; Xia, Binwei ; Lu, Yiyu ; Gong, Tao ; Zhang, Rui
Journal:   Energies
Volume:   10
edition:   5
Year:   2017
Pages:   654
DOI:   10.3390/en10050654
Publication date:   10-May-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • coal
  • stress
  • hydraulic fracturing
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