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N‐alkoxypyridinium salts as coinitiators in radical polymerization: Synthesis and Photochemical Properties


A few N‐alkoxypyridinium salts are developed as photoinitiators for efficient polymerization reactions. They are characterized by absorption properties below 300 nm, and generate alkoxy radicals on UV‐Vis light exposure. The squarylium dye was used as a blue‐light photosensitizer. Polymerization results are correlated with the photochemistry of N‐alkoxypyridinium salts. The quenching of the excited singlet state of squarylium dye by pyridinium salt and the formation of the semioxidized species of squaraine suggests an electron transfer from an excited dye to a coinitiator, and that the resulting oxygen‐centered radical initiates the polymerization process. The chemical mechanism was investigated by steady state photolysis and nanosecond laser flash photolysis experiments. Photoinitiating activity of new photoinitiators for initiation of polymerization of trimethylolpropane triacrylate in the UV‐blue light region was compared with photoinitiating ability of selected commercially available initiators. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2017

This article presents an application of N‐alkoxy pyridinium salts as coinitiators, sensitized by squaraine to induce a radical curing process. Moreover, a structure‐property relationship is constructed by studying the photophysical and electronic properties of some different N‐alkoxypyridinium salts, all of which are proposed to accept an electron from the sensitizer to form an oxygen‐centered radical that initiates polymerization.

Authors:   Janina Kabatc, Katarzyna Kostrzewska, Robert Dobosz, Łukasz Orzeł, Katarzyna Jurek
Journal:   Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Year:   2017
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/pola.28693
Publication date:   26-Jun-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • photoinitiators
  • light
  • Wiley
  • electron transfer
  • absorption
More about Wiley
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