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Effect of Corrosion Inhibitors on In Situ Leak Repair by Precipitation of Calcium Carbonate in Potable Water Pipelines

Corrosion inhibitors can affect calcium carbonate precipitation and associated in situ and in-service water distribution pipeline leak repair via clogging. Clogging of 150 μm diameter leak holes represented by glass capillary tubes, in recirculating solutions that are supersaturated with calcite (Ωcalcite = 13), demonstrated that Zn, orthophosphate, tripolyphosphate, and hexametaphosphate corrosion/scaling inhibitors hinder clogging but natural organic matter (NOM) has relatively little impact. Critical concentrations of phosphates that could inhibit leak repair over the short-term in one water tested were: tripolyphophate (0.05 mg/L as P) < hexametaphosphate (0.1 mg/L) < orthophosphate (0.3 mg/L). Inhibitor blends (Zn+orthophosphate and Zn+NOM+orthophosphate) had stronger inhibitory effects compared to each inhibitor (Zn, orthophosphate or NOM) alone, whereas Zn+NOM showed a lesser inhibitory effect than its individual component (NOM) alone due to formation of smaller CaCO3 particles with a much more neg...

Authors:   Fei Wang; Christina L. Devine; Marc A. Edwards
Journal:   Environmental Science & Technology
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.est.7b01380
Publication date:   14-Jul-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • phosphates
  • particles
  • matter
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