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Impact of the equatorial coordination sphere on the rate of reduction, lipophilicity and cytotoxic activity of platinum(IV) complexes

Publication date:

September 2017


Source:Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, Volume 174

Author(s): Doris Höfer, Hristo P. Varbanov, Michaela Hejl, Michael A. Jakupec, Alexander Roller, Markus Galanski, Bernhard K. Keppler

The impact of the equatorial coordination sphere on the reduction behavior (i.e. rate of reduction) of platinum(IV) complexes with axial carboxylato ligands was studied. Moreover, the influence of equatorial ligands on the stability, lipophilicity and cytotoxicity of platinum(IV) compounds was evaluated. For this purpose, a series of platinum(IV) complexes featuring axial carboxylato ligands (succinic acid monoesters) was synthesized; anionic carboxylato (OAc, oxalate) and halido (Cl, Br, I) ligands served as leaving groups and am(m)ine carrier ligands were provided by monodentately (isopropylamine, ammine+cyclohexaneamine) or bidentately (ethane-1,2-diamine) coordinating am(m)ines. All platinum(IV) products were fully characterized based on elemental analysis, high resolution mass spectrometry and multinuclear (1H, 13C, 15N, 195Pt) NMR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray diffraction in some cases. The rate of reduction in the presence of ascorbic acid was determined by NMR spectroscopy and the lipophilicity of the complexes was investigated by analytical reversed phase HPLC measurements. Cytotoxic properties were studied by means of a colorimetric microculture assay in three human cancer cell lines derived from cisplatin sensitive ovarian teratocarcinoma (CH1/PA-1) as well as cisplatin insensitive colon carcinoma (SW480) and non-small cell lung cancer (A549).
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Authors:   Author(s): Doris Höfer, Hristo P. Varbanov, Michaela Hejl, Michael A. Jakupec, Alexander Roller, Markus Galanski, Bernhard K. Keppler
Journal:   Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Year:   2017
Publication date:   16-Jul-2017
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