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Mesoscopic Structural Aspects of Ca2+-Triggered Polymer Chain Folding of a Tetraphenylethene-Appended Poly(acrylic acid) in Relation to Its Aggregation-Induced Emission Behavior

We recently reported that tetraphenylethene-appended poly(acrylic acid) derivatives [PAA-TPEx (x = 0.01–0.05)] provide a fluorescent Ca2+ sensor, where aggregation-induced emission (AIE) of the TPE pendants occurs in conjunction with Ca2+-triggered polymer-chain folding. On the basis of dynamic and static light-scattering data, here we discuss the hydrodynamic radius and molar mass of PAA-TPE0.01 in the presence of Ca2+, Mg2+, or Na+ at various concentrations and elucidate the origin of the Ca2+ selectivity. In contrast to Na+, which exclusively triggered nonfluorescent interpolymer aggregation of PAA-TPE0.01, Ca2+ and Mg2+ induced polymer-chain folding associated with AIE from the TPE pendants. Importantly, Ca2+ caused polymer-chain folding more effectively than Mg2+. Consequently, polymer aggregates formed in the presence of Ca2+ possessed a much higher inner density than those formed in the presence of Mg2+, leading to a more pronounced AIE behavior and, in turn, the Ca2+ ion selectivity over Mg2+.

Authors:   Ken Morishima; Fumitaka Ishiwari; Satoko Matsumura; Takanori Fukushima; Mitsuhiro Shibayama
Journal:   Macromolecules
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.macromol.7b00883
Publication date:   18-Jul-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • MG2
  • selectivity
  • aggregation
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