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Emergence of Supramolecular Chirality by Flows

Abstract

Hydrodynamic forces in stirred solutions induce chirality in some supramolecular species of J‐aggregates, as detected at the level of the electronic transition. However, the mechanism that explains the phenomenon remains to be elucidated, although the basic effect of hydrodynamic gradients of the shear rate is most probably the folding or bending of the nanoparticles in solution. Herein, we demonstrate a correlation between chiral flows in different regions of circular and square stirred cuvettes and the emergence of true circular dichroism (CD). The results show that chaotic flows lead to a racemic mixture of chiral shaped supramolecular species, and vortical flows to scalemic mixtures. In a magnetically stirred flask the descending and ascending flows are of different chiral sign and the CD reading depends on the weighting of these two flows of inverse chiral sign. The effect of the gradient of shear rates of the flows leading to chiral shape objects depends on the shape of the cuvette, which suggests that the flask shape and the controlled addition of reagents in defined regions of the stirred solutions may exert a control in self‐assembly processes.

In a stirring flask the descending and ascending flows have different chiral signs and the emerging signal depends on the weighting of these two flows. Circular dichroism (CD) and linear dichroism (LD) in the stirred cuvettes do not correlate, which agrees with the bending/floding of the nano‐objects by the effect of flows (see picture; cw: clockwise, ccw: counterclockwise).

Authors:   Arteaga, Oriol; Canillas, Adolf; Crusats, Joaquim; El‐Hachemi, Zoubir; Llorens, Joan; Sacristan, Eduardo; Ribo, Josep M.
Journal:   ChemPhysChem
Volume:   11
edition:   16
Year:   2010
Pages:   3511
DOI:   10.1002/cphc.201000658
Publication date:   15-Nov-2010
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