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Facile synthesis of ordered CeO2 nanorod assemblies: Morphology and reactivity

Publication date:

1 November 2017


Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics, Volume 201

Author(s): Paweł Stelmachowski, Klaudia Ciura, Paulina Indyka, Andrzej Kotarba

A two-step hydrothermal synthesis of nanostructured CeO2 assemblies is reported. The main benefit of the presented approach is the usage of simple reagents and standard laboratory equipment which allows obtaining novel CeO2 morphology. The CeO2 nanostructured materials are characterised with respect to their surface (N2-BET, XPS), bulk (XRD, Raman) and microscopic characteristics (HRTEM, EELS). The effect of calcination temperature of the hydrothermally obtained precursor on the crystallinity of the final products is reported. Since ceria is very often used in catalytic applications as an active phase or as a support, the catalytic total oxidation of methane was used as a model reactivity test. The physicochemical characterisation and reactivity results are compared with CeO2 materials obtained via simple precipitation method. The materials obtained with the presented facile hydrothermal method are characterised by a unique ordered nanorod morphology and present catalytic activity in total methane oxidation improved with respect to classical synthesis protocols. The surface of the nanorod-type assemblies was found to be enriched with Ce3+, especially when calcined at a lower temperatures. Due to the availability of the active centres within the obtained nanocrystalline rod-type assemblies and exposition of a reduced surface, they can be interesting in catalytic applications as a support with the active phase confined in their structure.
Graphical abstract




Authors:   Author(s): Paweł Stelmachowski, Klaudia Ciura, Paulina Indyka, Andrzej Kotarba
Journal:   Materials Chemistry and Physics
Year:   2017
Publication date:   27-Aug-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • crystallinity
  • calcination
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