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Control of Native Spoilage Yeast on Dealcoholized Red Wine by Preservatives Alone and in Binary Mixtures

Abstract

In order to preserve a commercial dealcoholized red wine (DRW), a study with 4 preservatives and binary mixtures of them were performed against 2 native spoilage yeasts: Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal fungicidal concentration (MFC) for potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, sodium metabisulfite and dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC) were evaluated in DRW stored at 25 °C. MICs of potassium sorbate and sodium metabisulfite were 250 and 60 mg/kg, respectively for both target strains. However for sodium benzoate, differences between yeasts were found; R. mucilaginosa was inhibited at 125 mg/kg, while S. cerevisiae at 250 mg/kg. Regarding MFC, differences between strains were only found for sodium metabisulfite obtaining a MFC of 500 mg/kg for R. mucilaginosa and a MFC of 250 mg/kg for S. cerevisiae. Potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate showed the MFC at 1000 mg/kg and DMDC at 200 mg/kg. Regarding the effect of binary mixtures the Fractional Fungicidal Concentration Index (FFCi) methodology showed that binary mixtures of 100 mg/kg DMDC/200 mg/kg potassium sorbate (FFCi = 0.7) and 50 mg/kg DMDC / 400 mg/kg sodium benzoate (FFCi = 0.65) have both synergistic effect against the 2 target strains. These binary mixtures can control the growth of spoilage yeasts in DRW without metabisulfite addition. The results of this work may be important in preserving the health of DRW consumers by eliminating the use of metabisulfite and reducing the risk of growth of R. mucilagosa, recently recognized as an emerging pathogen.

Authors:   Marta Sánchez‐Rubio, Kamal Guerrouj, Amaury Taboada‐Rodríguez, Antonio López‐Gómez, Fulgencio Marín‐Iniesta
Journal:   Journal of Food Science
Year:   2017
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1111/1750-3841.13817
Publication date:   23-Aug-2017
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • concentration
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • red wine
  • preservatives
  • potassium sorbate
  • yeasts
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