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Sustainability, Vol. 9, Pages 1932: Combining GIS Applications and Method of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (AHP) for Landfill Siting in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq

Sustainability, Vol. 9, Pages 1932: Combining GIS Applications and Method of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making (AHP) for Landfill Siting in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa, Babylon, Iraq

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su9111932

Authors: Ali Chabuk Nadhir Al-Ansari Hussain Hussain Sven Knutsson Roland Pusch Jan Laue

Landfill siting is a complex process. It is one of the major problems in waste management, where many factors should be taken into consideration when selecting a suitable site for landfill in any given area. At the present time, there are many random waste disposal sites distributed throughout Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa in Iraq. In this study, the Geographic Information System (GIS) and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) were used to select the best sites for landfill. The process of selecting sites for landfill in Al-Hashimiyah Qadhaa comprised two steps. First, fifteen different criteria were mapped and incorporated into overlay analyses within GIS software to produce the final suitability index map for the site. The second step comprises the exclusion of unsuitable areas from the final map to simplify identification of the candidate sites for landfill in the study area. The weightings of criteria were identified using AHP, and the weightings of the sub-criteria of each criterion were determined based on multiple factors. In order to accommodate solid waste from 2020 until 2030, two suitable candidate landfill sites were determined which fulfill the required area of 1.013 km2 with areas of 1.374 km2 and 1.288 km2 respectively.

Authors:   Chabuk, Ali ; Al-Ansari, Nadhir ; Hussain, Hussain Musa; Knutsson, Sven ; Pusch, Roland ; Laue, Jan
Journal:   Sustainability
Volume:   9
edition:   11
Year:   2017
Pages:   1932
DOI:   10.3390/su9111932
Publication date:   25-Oct-2017
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