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High-Speed but Not Magic: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Ultra-Small Silver Nanoparticles

Reaction procedures have been improved to achieve higher yields and shorter reaction times: one possibility is the usage of microwave reactors. In the literature, this is under discussion, for example, nonthermal effects resulting from the microwave radiation are claimed. Especially for the synthesis of nanomaterials, it is of crucial importance to be aware of influences on the reaction pathway. Therefore, we compare the syntheses of ultra-small silver nanoparticles via conventional and microwave heating. We employed a versatile one-pot polyol synthesis of poly(acrylic acid)-stabilized silver nanoparticles, which display superior catalytic properties. No microwave-specific effects in terms of particle size distribution characteristics, as derived by small-angle X-ray scattering and dynamic light scattering, are revealed. Because of the characteristics of a closed system, microwave reactors give access to elevated temperatures and pressures. Therefore, the speed of particle formation can be increased by a ...

Authors:   Patrick E. J. Saloga; Claudia Kästner; Andreas F. Thünemann
Journal:   Langmuir
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b01541
Publication date:   18-Dec-2017
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