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Adenylation Activity of Carboxylic Acid Reductases Enables the Synthesis of Amides


Carboxylic acid reductases (CARs) catalyze the reduction of a broad range of carboxylic acids to aldehydes using the cofactors adenosine triphosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, and have become attractive biocatalysts for organic synthesis. Mechanistic understanding of CARs was used to expand reaction scope, generating biocatalysts for amide bond formation from carboxylic acid and amine. CARs demonstrated amidation activity for various acids and amines. Optimization of reaction conditions, with respect to pH and temperature, allowed for the synthesis of the anticonvulsant ilepcimide with up to 96 % conversion. Mechanistic studies using site‐directed mutagenesis suggest that, following initial enzymatic adenylation of substrates, amidation of the carboxylic acid proceeds by direct reaction of the acyl adenylate with amine nucleophiles.

CARpe diem: Carbonsäure‐Reduktasen können als Biokatalysatoren für die Aktivierung und nachfolgende Amidierung einer Reihe von Carbonsäuren mit primären und sekundären Aminen sowie Ammoniak verwendet werden. Die Enzyme fanden Anwendung für die Herstellung von Ilepcimid, einem krampflösenden Mittel. ATP=Adenosintriphosphat, NADPH=Nicotinamid‐Adenin‐Dinucleotid‐Phosphat.

Authors:   Sabine Flitsch, Alexander Wood, Nicholas Weise, Joseph Frampton, Mark Dunstan, Michael Hollas, Sasha Derrington, Richard LLoyd, Daniela Quaglia, Fabio Parmeggiani, David Leys, Nicholas Turner; Alexander J. L. Wood, Nicholas J. Weise, Joseph D. Frampton, Mark S. Dunstan, Michael A. Hollas, Sasha R. Derrington, Richard C. Lloyd, Daniela Quaglia, Fabio Parmeggiani, David Leys, Nicholas J. Turner, Sabine L. Flitsch
Journal:   Angewandte Chemie
Volume:   129
edition:   46
Year:   2017
Pages:   14690
DOI:   10.1002/ange.201707918
Publication date:   13-Oct-2017
More about Angewandte Chemie
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