Novel Acrylamide/2-Acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic Acid/4-Vinylpyridine Terpolymer as an Anti-calcium Contamination Fluid-Loss Additive for Water-Based Drilling Fluids
A novel terpolymer of acrylamide (AM), 4-vinylpyridine (VP), and 2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS) was synthesized through free radical polymerization and characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and static light scattering measurement. The monomer ratio was shown to be the predominant factor to the fluid-loss control performance of this polymer in drilling fluids. The terpolymer under optimal polymerization conditions (PAAV) was prepared, and the dipolymer of AM and AMPS (PAA) was synthesized as a contrast sample. In an American Petroleum Institute (API) filtration test of bentonite-based mud with 10% CaCl2 contamination after a 16 h aging at 150 °C, mud with 1% PAAV maintained an API filtrate volume (FLAPI) of 4.8 mL, whereas mud with 1% PAA reached a FLAPI of 96.0 mL. The fluid-loss control mechanism of PAAV was investigated through adsorption experiments, ζ potential measurements, and particle size distribution anal...
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more