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Cationic Copolymerization and Multicomponent Polymerization of Isobutylene with C4 Olefins

Cationic polymerization of isobutylene (IB) in the presence of other C4 olefins, 1-butene (B1), cis-2-butene (C2B), and 1,3-butadiene (BD) using the ethylaluminum dichloride (EADC)·bis(2-chloroethyl) ether (CEE) complex in conjunction with tert-butyl chloride (t-BuCl) as initiator in hexanes at 0 °C has been investigated. The reactivity ratio of IB rIB = 1100 was determined for copolymerization of IB and B1 at low conversions, using product compositions obtained from inverse gated 13C NMR analysis. The reactivity ratio of B1 rB1 = 1 was deduced from theoretical considerations. At low B1 incorporation levels, exo-olefin contents remained high in the copolymers, and the molecular weights were virtually unchanged relative to the experiments with IB alone [Banerjee, S.; Macromolecules 2015, 48, 5474]. Close to linear first-order plots of ln{[M]0/[M]} versus time were obtained ([M]0 and [M] are IB concentrations at time t = 0 and t, respectively) when the copolymerization was carried out with [IB] > 2 M. This ...

Authors:   Tota Rajasekhar; Ujjal Haldar; Priyadarsi De; Jack Emert; Rudolf Faust
Journal:   Macromolecules
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.macromol.7b01941
Publication date:   16-Oct-2017
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