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Femtosecond laser writing of PPV‐doped three‐dimensional polymeric microstructures

ABSTRACT

Poly(para‐phenylene vinylene) (PPV) is a key material for optoelectronics because it combines the potential of both polymers and semiconductors. PPV has been synthesized via solution‐processable precursor route, in which the precursor polymer poly(xylene tetrahydrothiophenium chloride) (PTHT) is thermally converted to PPV throughout the sample as a whole. Much effort has been devoted to fulfill spatial selectivity of PPV conversion. However, none of the methods proposed stand for PPV conversion three dimensionally, which would be appealing for the design of microdevices. Here, we demonstrate the potential of fs‐laser direct writing via two‐photon polymerization (2PP) to fabricate PPV‐doped 3D microstructures. PTHT is incorporated into the polymeric material and it is subsequently converted to PPV through a thermal treatment. Optical measurements, taken prior and after thermal conversion, confirm the PTHT to PPV conversion. Fs‐laser direct writing via 2PP can be exploited to fabricate a variety of 3D microdevices, thus opening new avenues in polymer‐based optoelectronics. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2018

The fabrication of 3D microstructures doped with the PPV precursor polymer (PTHT) by fs‐laser direct writing was demonstrated. This conjugated polymer receives considerable attention due to its luminescent and conductivity properties. The PTHT is subsequently converted into PPV by submitting the microstructures to a straightforward thermal treatment. As opposed to previous works, the methodology proposed herein stands for the PTHT to PPV conversion in three dimensions, thus configuring a promising way toward the design of microdevices.

Authors:   Oriana Ines Avila, Nathália Beretta Tomazio, Adriano Jose Galvani Otuka, Josiani Cristina Stefanelo, Marcelo Barbosa Andrade, Debora Terezia Balogh, Cleber Renato Mendonca
Journal:   Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics
Year:   2018
Pages:   n/a
DOI:   10.1002/polb.24568
Publication date:   11-Jan-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • microstructures
  • optoelectronics
  • xylene
  • conductivity
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