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Solvent-Engineering Method to Deposit Compact Bismuth-Based Thin Films: Mechanism and Application to Photovoltaics

Bismuth-based materials have been studied as alternatives to lead-based perovskite materials for photovoltaic applications. However, poor film quality has limited device performance. In this work, we developed a solvent-engineering method and show that it is applicable to several bismuth-based compounds. Through this method, we obtained compact films of methylammonium bismuth iodide (MBI), cesium bismuth iodide (CBI), and formamidinium bismuth iodide (FBI). On the basis of film growth theory and experimental analyses, we propose a possible mechanism of film formation. Additionally, we demonstrate that the resultant compact MBI film is more suitable to fabricate efficient and stable photovoltaic devices compared to baseline MBI films with pinholes. We further employed a new hole-transporting material to reduce the valence-band offset with the MBI. The best-performing photovoltaic device exhibits an open-circuit voltage of 0.85 V, fill factor of 73%, and a power conversion efficiency of 0.71%, the highest r...

Authors:   Seong Sik Shin; Juan Pablo Correa Baena; Rachel C. Kurchin; Alex Polizzotti; Jason Jungwan Yoo; Sarah Wieghold; Moungi G. Bawendi; Tonio Buonassisi
Journal:   Chemistry of Materials
Year:   2018
DOI:   10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03227
Publication date:   12-Jan-2018
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