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Dual Photochemical Reaction Pathway in Flavin-Based Photoreceptor LOV Domain: A Combined Quantum-Mechanics/Molecular-Mechanics Investigation

The primary photochemical reaction of the light, oxygen, and voltage (LOV) domain of the blue-light photosensor YtvA of Bacillus subtilis were investigated using high-level QM(DFT/MRCI)/MM methods. After blue-light excitation, the Sγ atom of the reactive cysteine forms a covalent bond with the C4a of the flavin mononucleotide (FMN) ring. Two conformations for the side chain of reactive cysteine with occupancies of 70% (conf A) and 30% (conf B) are observed in the X-ray crystallographic structures of the YtvA-LOV (Möglich, A.; Moffat, K. J. Mol. Biol. 2007, 373, 112−126). In conf A, the thiol group is directed toward the dimethylbenzene moiety of the FMN ring whereas it is placed directly above the N5 atom of the FMN ring in conf B. Starting from both conformations, the singlet and triplet excited pathways were evaluated. The singlet states excited from conf A decay nonradiatively to the triplet states by intersystem crossing (ISC). After the formation of a neutral biradical, the triplet states cross over ...

Authors:   Setsuko Nakagawa; Oliver Weingart; Christel M. Marian
Journal:   Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Year:   2017
DOI:   10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b09207
Publication date:   04-Oct-2017
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