Modeling Nanoparticle Dispersion in Electrospun Nanofibers
The quality of nanoparticle dispersion in a polymer matrix significantly influences the macroscopic properties of the composite material. Like general polymer–nanoparticle composites, electrospun nanofiber nanoparticle composites do not have an adopted quantitative model for dispersion throughout the polymer matrix, often relying on a qualitative assessment. Being such an influential property, quantifying dispersion is essential for the process of optimization and understanding the factors influencing dispersion. Here, a simulation model was developed to quantify the effects of nanoparticle volume loading (ϕ) and fiber-to-particle diameter ratios (D/d) on the dispersion in an electrospun nanofiber based on the interparticle distance. A dispersion factor is defined to quantify the dispersion along the polymer fiber. In the dilute regime (ϕ < 20%), three distinct regions of the dispersion factor were defined with the highest quality dispersion shown to occur when geometric constraints limit fiber volume acc...
Christopher Balzer; Mitchell Armstrong; Bohan Shan; Yingjie Huang; Jichang Liu; Bin Mu
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more