Investigation of the Internal Chemical Composition of Chitosan-Based LbL Films by Depth-Profiling X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) Analysis
Chitosan-based thin films were assembled using the layer-by-layer technique, and the axial composition was accessed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with depth profiling. Chitosan (CHI) samples possessing different degrees of acetylation (DA̅) and molecular weight (Mv̅) produced via the ultrasound-assisted deacetylation reaction were used in this study along with two different polyanions, namely, sodium polystyrenesulfonate (PSS) and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). When chitosan, a positively charged polymer in aqueous acid medium, was combined with a strong polyanion (PSS), the total positive charge of chitosan, directly related to its DA̅, was the key factor affecting the film formation. However, for CMC/CHI films, the pH of the medium and Mv̅ of chitosan strongly affected the film structure and composition. Consequently, the structure and the axial composition of chitosan-based films can be finely adjusted by choosing the polyanion and defining the chitosan to be used according to its DA and Mv̅ fo...
Thiago B. Taketa; Danilo M. dos Santos; Anderson Fiamingo; Juliana M. Vaz; Marisa M. Beppu; Sérgio P. Campana-Filho; Robert E. Cohen; Michael F. Rubner
We recently generalized the formerly alignment-dependent multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure–activity relationships (MIA-QSAR) method through the application of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), allowing for its application to noncongruent and structurally dive ... more
Poly-ADP-ribosylation (PARylation) is a protein posttranslational modification (PTM) that is critically involved in many biological processes that are linked to cell stress responses. It is catalyzed by a class of enzymes known as poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs). In particular, PARP1 is ... more
This review focuses on the type A cytochrome c oxidases (CcO), which are found in all mitochondria and also in several aerobic bacteria. CcO catalyzes the respiratory reduction of dioxygen (O2) to water by an intriguing mechanism, the details of which are fairly well understood today as a r ... more
Rohm and Haas Powder Coatings is delighted to announce that its Reading, Pennsylvania, facility is the first site in the world to receive the RCMS® Site Certification awarded by the American Chemical Council (ACC).
When Raj Gupta, Chairman and CEO of Rohm and Haas Company, became Chairman ... more