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Hierarchically Patterned Noncovalent Functionalization of 2D Materials by Controlled Langmuir–Schaefer Conversion

Noncovalent monolayer chemistries are often used to functionalize 2D materials. Nanoscopic ligand ordering has been widely demonstrated (e.g., lying-down lamellar phases of functional alkanes); however, combining this control with micro- and macroscopic patterning for practical applications remains a significant challenge. A few reports have demonstrated that standing phase Langmuir films on water can be converted into nanoscopic lying-down molecular domains on 2D substrates (e.g., graphite), using horizontal dipping (Langmuir–Schaefer, LS, transfer). Molecular patterns are known to form at scales up to millimeters in Langmuir films, suggesting the possibility of transforming such structures into functional patterns on 2D materials. However, to our knowledge, this approach has not been investigated, and the rules governing LS conversion are not well understood. In part, this is because the conversion process is mechanistically very different from classic LS transfer of standing phases; challenges also ari...

Authors:   Tyson C. Davis; Jae Jin Bang; Jacob T. Brooks; David G. McMillan; Shelley A. Claridge
Journal:   Langmuir
Year:   2018
DOI:   10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03845
Publication date:   17-Jan-2018
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