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Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 173: Pharmacokinetics of Schizandrin and Its Pharmaceutical Products Assessed Using a Validated LC–MS/MS Method

Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 173: Pharmacokinetics of Schizandrin and Its Pharmaceutical Products Assessed Using a Validated LC–MS/MS Method

Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules23010173

Authors: Chi-Lin Li Yung-Yi Cheng Chen-Hsi Hsieh Tung-Hu Tsai

Schisandra chinensis has been used as an important component in various prescriptions in traditional Chinese medicine and, more recently, in Western-based medicine for its anti-hepatotoxic effect. The aim of this study was to develop a selective, rapid, and sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for pharmacokinetic studies of schizandrin in rats. Liquid-liquid extraction was used for plasma sample preparation. A UHPLC reverse-phase C18e column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 2 μm) coupled with a mobile phase of methanol-0.1% formic acid (85:15, v/v) was used for sample separation. A triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer was used to detect the analytes in the selected reaction monitoring mode. The linear range of schizandrin in rat plasma was 5.0–1000 ng/mL (r2 > 0.999), with a lower limit of quantification of 5 ng/mL. The method was validated with regard to accuracy, intra-day and inter-day precision, linearity, stability, recovery, and matrix effects in rat plasma, which were acceptable according to the biological method validation guidelines developed by the FDA. This method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study after oral administration of 3 g/kg and 10 g/kg of Schisandra chinensis products, which yielded a maximum concentration of schizandrin of 0.08 ± 0.07 and 0.15 ± 0.09 μg/mL, respectively. A parallel study design was used to investigate the oral bioavailability of single compound of schizandrin and the herbal extract, the single compound of pure schizandrin (10 mg/kg, i.v.), pure schizandrin (10 mg/kg, p.o.), and the herbal extract of Schisandra chinensis (3 g/kg and 10 g/kg, p.o.) were given individually. The dose of Schisandra chinensis (3 g/kg) equivalent to schizandrin (5.2 mg/kg); the dose of Schisandra chinensis (10 g/kg) equivalent to schizandrin (17.3 mg/kg). The result demonstrated that the oral bioavailability of schizandrin was approximately 15.56 ± 10.47% in rats, however the oral bioavailability of herbal extract was higher than single compound. The method was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of pure schizandrin after oral administration of its pharmaceutical industry products in rats.

Authors:   Li, Chi-Lin ; Cheng, Yung-Yi ; Hsieh, Chen-Hsi ; Tsai, Tung-Hu
Journal:   Molecules
Volume:   23
edition:   1
Year:   2018
Pages:   173
DOI:   10.3390/molecules23010173
Publication date:   15-Jan-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • Single
  • molecules
  • UHPLC-ESI
  • traditional Chinese…
  • tandem mass spectrometry
  • concentration
  • bioavailability
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