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Low Cost Metal Carbide Nanocrystals as Binding and Electrocatalytic Sites for High Performance Li–S Batteries

Lithium sulfur (Li–S) batteries are considered as promising energy storage systems for the next generation of batteries due to their high theoretical energy densities and low cost. Much effort has been made to improve the practical energy densities and cycling stability of Li–S batteries via diverse designs of materials nanostructure. However, achieving simultaneously good rate capabilities and stable cycling of Li–S batteries is still challenging. Herein, we propose a strategy to utilize a dual effect of metal carbide nanoparticles decorated on carbon nanofibers (MC NPs-CNFs) to realize high rate performance, low hysteresis, and long cycling stability of Li–S batteries in one system. The adsorption experiments of lithium polysulfides (LiPS) to MC NPs and corresponding theoretical calculations demonstrate that LiPS are likely to be adsorbed and diffused on the surface of MC NPs because of their moderate chemical bonding. MC NPs turn out to have also an electrocatalytic role and accelerate electrochemical ...

Authors:   Fei Zhou; Zheng Li; Xuan Luo; Tong Wu; Bin Jiang; Lei-Lei Lu; Hong-Bin Yao; Markus Antonietti; Shu-Hong Yu
Journal:   Nano Letters
Year:   2018
DOI:   10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b04505
Publication date:   11-Jan-2018
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