1 September 2018
Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 259
Author(s): Dipsikha Kalita, Suvendu Bhattacharya, Brijesh Srivastava
Vibrational spectroscopic techniques were employed to predict the mechanism of starch hydrolysis based on structural changes during germination of paddy. The proposed mechanism for starch hydrolysis dealt with the synthesis of amylase at the onset of germination, depicting an increased intensity of spectral bands at amide I, II and III regions. The process commenced with the enzyme actions on skeletal mode of pyranose ring structure of glucose units followed by cleavage of the glycosidic linkage by the process of multiple and multi-chain attack resulting in decrease of the bands (400–900 cm−1
). The increased intensity of the bands (1200–1500 cm−1
) indicated the process of starch hydrolysis and formation of d-glucose. Multivariate calibration analysis (PCA and PLS) was employed to correlate Raman spectral data with biochemical changes during germination and to develop a calibration model. The model showed a high prediction ability with low root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) (0.043–0.568).