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Predicting enzymatic starch hydrolysis mechanism during paddy malting by vibrational spectroscopy and multivariate calibration analysis

Publication date:

1 September 2018

Source:Food Chemistry, Volume 259

Author(s): Dipsikha Kalita, Suvendu Bhattacharya, Brijesh Srivastava

Vibrational spectroscopic techniques were employed to predict the mechanism of starch hydrolysis based on structural changes during germination of paddy. The proposed mechanism for starch hydrolysis dealt with the synthesis of amylase at the onset of germination, depicting an increased intensity of spectral bands at amide I, II and III regions. The process commenced with the enzyme actions on skeletal mode of pyranose ring structure of glucose units followed by cleavage of the glycosidic linkage by the process of multiple and multi-chain attack resulting in decrease of the bands (400–900 cm−1). The increased intensity of the bands (1200–1500 cm−1) indicated the process of starch hydrolysis and formation of d-glucose. Multivariate calibration analysis (PCA and PLS) was employed to correlate Raman spectral data with biochemical changes during germination and to develop a calibration model. The model showed a high prediction ability with low root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) (0.043–0.568).

Authors:   Author(s): Dipsikha Kalita, Suvendu Bhattacharya, Brijesh Srivastava
Journal:   Food Chemistry
Volume:   259
Year:   2018
Pages:   89
DOI:   10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.03.094
Publication date:   15-Apr-2018
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