Maresin 1 attenuates mitochondrial dysfunction through the ALX/cAMP/ROS pathway in the cecal ligation and puncture mouse model and sepsis patients
Inflammation always accompanies infection during sepsis. Mitochondrial dysfunction and the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by mitochondria have been proposed in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Maresins have protective and resolving effects in experimental models of infection. In the present study, we investigated the effects of maresin 1 (MaR1) on mitochondrial function in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis and sepsis patients to identify mechanisms underlying maresin 1-mediated stimulation of ROS in mitochondria. We found that treatment with MaR1 significantly inhibited production of cytokines, decreased bacterial load in the peritoneal lavage fluid, reduced the number of neutrophils, decreased lactic acid level and upregulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) concentration, with the outcome of decreased lung injury in CLP-induced sepsis in mice. The effects of MaR1 on downregulation nitric oxide (NOX) activity, improvement CAT and SOD activity to inhibit ROS production in mitochondria was dependent on lipoxin receptor (ALX) and cAMP. Survival rates were significantly increased after the treatment of mice with MaR1. In BMDM stimulated with LPS, MaR1 inhibited the ROS production, downregulated enzyme activity, reduced mtO2 production, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, improved adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number. Finally, the effects of MaR1 on ROS production in the blood of healthy volunteers stimulated with LPS or sepsis patients were associated with ALX and cAMP. Taken together, these data suggest that treatment with MaR1 could attenuate mitochondrial dysfunction during sepsis through regulating ROS production.
Jiaqi Gu; Lingchun Luo; Qian Wang; Songfan Yan; Jing Lin; Dan Li; Bingbing Cao; Hongxia Mei; Binyu Ying; Lu Bin; Fang Gao Smith; Sheng-Wei Jin
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