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Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 1084: An In-Vitro Optical Sensor Designed to Estimate Glycated Hemoglobin Levels

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 1084: An In-Vitro Optical Sensor Designed to Estimate Glycated Hemoglobin Levels

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s18041084

Authors: Sanghamitra Mandal M. O. Manasreh

The purpose of this research was to design an optical sensor for evaluating glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) percentages in hemoglobin. The A1c sensors available in the market use invasive methods, while our device offers the possibility of non-invasive monitoring of HbA1c levels in diabetic patients. A prototype is assembled using two light emitting diodes with peak emission wavelengths of 535 nm and 593 nm, a photodiode, and a microcontroller. The proposed sensor measures the transmitted intensity in the form of an output voltage. We devise an approach to estimate the percentage of HbA1c in hemoglobin for a given solution. This estimation is based on the relative change in absorbance due to change in path length and molar absorption coefficients of hemoglobin and HbA1c, at the two wavelengths. We calculate the molar absorption coefficient of HbA1c at 535 nm and 593 nm wavelengths using the sensor, which is performed by a multiple variable regression analysis algorithm fed through the microcontroller. Specifically, the sensor output voltage with respect to the sample concentration is fitted to an exponentially decaying equation model. We used a commercial chemical assay called Control FD Glycohemoglobin A1c with known percentage HbA1c levels to verify our device measurements.

Authors:   Mandal, Sanghamitra ; Manasreh, M. O.
Journal:   Sensors
Volume:   18
edition:   4
Year:   2018
Pages:   1084
DOI:   10.3390/s18041084
Publication date:   04-Apr-2018
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  • absorbance
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