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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 422: Microporosity and CO2 Capture Properties of Amorphous Silicon Oxynitride Derived from Novel Polyalkoxysilsesquiazanes

Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 422: Microporosity and CO2 Capture Properties of Amorphous Silicon Oxynitride Derived from Novel Polyalkoxysilsesquiazanes

Materials doi: 10.3390/ma11030422

Authors: Yoshiaki Iwase Yoji Horie Sawao Honda Yusuke Daiko Yuji Iwamoto

Polyalkoxysilsesquiazanes ([ROSi(NH)1.5]n, ROSZ, R = Et, nPr, iPr, nBu, sBu, nHex, sHex, cHex, decahydronaphthyl (DHNp)) were synthesized by ammonolysis at −78 °C of alkoxytrichlorosilane (ROSiCl3), which was isolated by distillation as a reaction product of SiCl4 and ROH. The simultaneous thermogravimetric and mass spectrometry analyses of the ROSZs under helium revealed a common decomposition reaction, the cleavage of the oxygen–carbon bond of the RO group to evolve alkene as a main gaseous species formed in-situ, leading to the formation of microporous amorphous Si–O–N at 550 °C to 800 °C. The microporosity in terms of the peak of the pore size distribution curve located within the micropore size range (<2 nm) and the total micropore volume, as well as the specific surface area (SSA) of the Si–O–N, increased consistently with the molecular size estimated for the alkene formed in-situ during the pyrolysis. The CO2 capture capacity at 0 °C of the Si–O–N material increased consistently with its SSA, and an excellent CO2 capture capacity of 3.9 mmol·g−1 at 0 °C and CO2 1 atm was achieved for the Si–O–N derived from DHNpOSZ having an SSA of 750 m2·g−1. The CO2 capture properties were further discussed based on their temperature dependency, and a surface functional group of the Si–O–N formed in-situ during the polymer/ceramics thermal conversion.

Authors:   Iwase, Yoshiaki ; Horie, Yoji ; Honda, Sawao ; Daiko, Yusuke ; Iwamoto, Yuji
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   11
edition:   3
Year:   2018
Pages:   422
DOI:   10.3390/ma11030422
Publication date:   13-Mar-2018
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