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Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1124: Production and Bioactivity-Guided Isolation of Antioxidants with α-Glucosidase Inhibitory and Anti-NO Properties from Marine Chitinous Materials

Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1124: Production and Bioactivity-Guided Isolation of Antioxidants with α-Glucosidase Inhibitory and Anti-NO Properties from Marine Chitinous Materials

Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules23051124

Authors: Van Bon Nguyen Thi Hanh Nguyen Chien Thang Doan Thi Ngoc Tran Anh Dzung Nguyen Yao-Haur Kuo San-Lang Wang

Natural and bioactive products have been of great interest due to their benefit as health foods and drugs to prevent various diseases. The aim of this study is to efficiently reuse marine chitinous materials (CMs), abundant and low-cost fishery by-products, for the bio-synthesis, isolation, and identification of antioxidant compounds possessing some other beneficial bioactivities. Paenibacillus sp. was used to convert CMs to antioxidants. Among various tested CMs, squid pen powder (SPP) gave the best results when used as the sole carbon/nitrogen source. Fermented SPP (FSPP) had comparable antioxidant activity (IC50 = 124 µg/mL) to that of α-tocopherol (IC50 = 30 µg/mL). The antioxidant productivity increased 1.83-fold after culture optimization. The use of multiple techniques, including Diaion, silica, and preparative HPLC columns coupled with a bioassay resulted in the isolation of two major antioxidants characterized as exopolysaccharides and homogentisic acid. These isolated compounds showed great maximum activity and low IC50 values (96%, 30 µg/mL and 99%, 5.4 µg/mL, respectively) which were comparable to that of α-tocopherol (95%, 24 µg/mL). The crude sample, fractions, and isolated compounds also demonstrated α-glucosidase inhibition and anti–inflammatory activity. Notably, homogentisic acid was found as a non-sugar-based moiety α-glucosidase inhibitor which show much higher inhibition (IC50 = 215 µg/mL) than that of acarbose (IC50 = 1324 µg/mL) and also possessed acceptable anti–inflammatory activity (IC50 = 9.8 µg/mL). The results highlighted the value of using seafood processing by-products, like squid pens, for the production of several compounds possessing multi-benefit bioactivities and no cytotoxicity.

Authors:   Nguyen, Van Bon; Nguyen, Thi Hanh; Doan, Chien Thang; Tran, Thi Ngoc; Nguyen, Anh Dzung; Kuo, Yao-Haur ; Wang, San-Lang
Journal:   Molecules
Volume:   23
edition:   5
Year:   2018
Pages:   1124
DOI:   10.3390/molecules23051124
Publication date:   09-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • drugs
  • diseases
  • cytotoxicity
  • acarbose
More about Molecular Diversity Preservation International
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