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Hybrid perovskite films approaching the radiative limit with over 90% photoluminescence quantum efficiency

Reducing non-radiative recombination in semiconducting materials is a prerequisite for achieving the highest performance in light-emitting and photovoltaic applications. Here, we characterize both external and internal photoluminescence quantum efficiency and quasi-Fermi-level splitting of surface-treated hybrid perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3) thin films. With respect to the material bandgap, these passivated films exhibit the highest quasi-Fermi-level splitting measured to date, reaching 97.1 ± 0.7% of the radiative limit, approaching that of the highest performing GaAs solar cells. We confirm these values with independent measurements of internal photoluminescence quantum efficiency of 91.9 ± 2.7% under 1 Sun illumination intensity, setting a new benchmark for these materials. These results suggest hybrid perovskite solar cells are inherently capable of further increases in power conversion efficiency if surface passivation can be combined with optimized charge carrier selective interfaces.

Authors:   Ian L. Braly; Dane W. deQuilettes; Luis M. Pazos-Outón; Sven Burke; Mark E. Ziffer; David S. Ginger; Hugh W. Hillhouse
Journal:   Nature Photonics
Year:   2018
Pages:   1
DOI:   10.1038/s41566-018-0154-z
Publication date:   30-Apr-2018
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