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Adaptive wavefront shaping for controlling nonlinear multimode interactions in optical fibres

Recent progress in wavefront shaping has enabled control of light propagation inside linear media to focus and image through scattering objects. In particular, light propagation in multimode fibres comprises complex intermodal interactions and rich spatiotemporal dynamics. Control of physical phenomena in multimode fibres and its applications are in their infancy, opening opportunities to take advantage of complex nonlinear modal dynamics. Here, we demonstrate a wavefront shaping approach for controlling nonlinear phenomena in multimode fibres. Using a spatial light modulator at the fibre input, real-time spectral feedback and a genetic algorithm optimization, we control a highly nonlinear multimode stimulated Raman scattering cascade and its interplay with four-wave mixing via a flexible implicit control on the superposition of modes coupled into the fibre. We show versatile spectrum manipulations including shifts, suppression, and enhancement of Stokes and anti-Stokes peaks. These demonstrations illustrate the power of wavefront shaping to control and optimize nonlinear wave propagation.

Authors:   Omer Tzang; Antonio M. Caravaca-Aguirre; Kelvin Wagner; Rafael Piestun
Journal:   Nature Photonics
Volume:   12
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   368
DOI:   10.1038/s41566-018-0167-7
Publication date:   07-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • light
  • scattering
  • controlling
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