My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

Sustainability, Vol. 10, Pages 1288: One-Dimensional Analytical Modeling of Pressure- Retarded Osmosis in a Parallel Flow Configuration for the Desalination Industry in the State of Kuwait

Sustainability, Vol. 10, Pages 1288: One-Dimensional Analytical Modeling of Pressure- Retarded Osmosis in a Parallel Flow Configuration for the Desalination Industry in the State of Kuwait

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su10041288

Authors: Bader S. Al-Anzi Ashly Thomas

The present study deals with the application of one-dimensional (1D) analytical expressions for a parallel flow configuration in pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO) exchangers by using actual brine and feed salinity values from the Kuwait desalination industry. The 1D expressions are inspired by the effectiveness-number of transfer unit (ε-NTU) method used in heat exchanger analysis and has been developed to “size” an osmotically-driven membrane process (ODMP) mass exchanger given the operating conditions and desired performance. The driving potentials in these mass exchangers are the salinity differences between feed and draw solution. These 1D model equations are employed to determine mass transfer units (MTU) as a function of different dimensionless groups such as mass flowrate ratio (MR), recovery ratio (RR), concentration factors (CF) and effectiveness (ε). The introduction of new dimensionless groups such as the dilution rate ratio (DRR) and dilution rate (DR) would be used to relate the actual water permeation to the brine draw stream. The results show that a maximum power of 0.28 and 2.6 kJ can be produced by the PRO system using seawater or treated wastewater effluent (TWE) as the feed solution, respectively, which might be able to reduce the power consumption of the desalination industry in Kuwait.

Authors:   Al-Anzi, Bader S.; Thomas, Ashly
Journal:   Sustainability
Volume:   10
edition:   4
Year:   2018
Pages:   1288
DOI:   10.3390/su10041288
Publication date:   22-Apr-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
More about Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE