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Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 834: Measurements by A LEAP-Based Virtual Glove for the Hand Rehabilitation

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 834: Measurements by A LEAP-Based Virtual Glove for the Hand Rehabilitation

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s18030834

Authors: Giuseppe Placidi Luigi Cinque Matteo Polsinelli Matteo Spezialetti

Hand rehabilitation is fundamental after stroke or surgery. Traditional rehabilitation requires a therapist and implies high costs, stress for the patient, and subjective evaluation of the therapy effectiveness. Alternative approaches, based on mechanical and tracking-based gloves, can be really effective when used in virtual reality (VR) environments. Mechanical devices are often expensive, cumbersome, patient specific and hand specific, while tracking-based devices are not affected by these limitations but, especially if based on a single tracking sensor, could suffer from occlusions. In this paper, the implementation of a multi-sensors approach, the Virtual Glove (VG), based on the simultaneous use of two orthogonal LEAP motion controllers, is described. The VG is calibrated and static positioning measurements are compared with those collected with an accurate spatial positioning system. The positioning error is lower than 6 mm in a cylindrical region of interest of radius 10 cm and height 21 cm. Real-time hand tracking measurements are also performed, analysed and reported. Hand tracking measurements show that VG operated in real-time (60 fps), reduced occlusions, and managed two LEAP sensors correctly, without any temporal and spatial discontinuity when skipping from one sensor to the other. A video demonstrating the good performance of VG is also collected and presented in the Supplementary Materials. Results are promising but further work must be done to allow the calculation of the forces exerted by each finger when constrained by mechanical tools (e.g., peg-boards) and for reducing occlusions when grasping these tools. Although the VG is proposed for rehabilitation purposes, it could also be used for tele-operation of tools and robots, and for other VR applications.

Authors:   Placidi, Giuseppe ; Cinque, Luigi ; Polsinelli, Matteo ; Spezialetti, Matteo
Journal:   Sensors
Volume:   18
edition:   3
Year:   2018
Pages:   834
DOI:   10.3390/s18030834
Publication date:   10-Mar-2018
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  • stress
  • Single
  • robots
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