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Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1059: Green Extraction of Natural Antioxidants from the Sterculia nobilis Fruit Waste and Analysis of Phenolic Profile

Molecules, Vol. 23, Pages 1059: Green Extraction of Natural Antioxidants from the Sterculia nobilis Fruit Waste and Analysis of Phenolic Profile

Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules23051059

Authors: Jiao-Jiao Zhang Ya Li Sheng-Jun Lin Hua-Bin Li

The waste of Sterculia nobilis fruit was massively produced during food processing, which contains lots of natural antioxidants. In this study, antioxidants in the Sterculia nobilis fruit waste were extracted using the green microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) technique. The effects of five independent variables (ethanol concentration, solvent/material ratio, extraction time, temperature, and microwave power) on extraction efficiency were explored, and three major factors (ethanol concentration, extraction time, and temperature) showing great influences were chosen to study their interactions by response surface methodology. The optimal conditions were as follows: 40.96% ethanol concentration, 30 mL/g solvent/material ratio, 37.37 min extraction time at 66.76 °C, and 700 W microwave power. The Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity value obtained in optimal conditions was in agreement with the predicted value. Besides, MAE improved the extraction efficiency compared with maceration and Soxhlet extraction methods. Additionally, the phenolic profile in the extract was analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS, and eight kinds of phenolic compounds were identified and quantified, including epicatechin, protocatechuic acid, ferulic acid, gallic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, quercetin, and p-hydroxycinnamic acid. This study could contribute to the value-added utilization of the waste from Sterculia nobilis fruit, and the extract could be developed as food additive or functional food.

Authors:   Zhang, Jiao-Jiao ; Li, Ya ; Lin, Sheng-Jun ; Li, Hua-Bin
Journal:   Molecules
Volume:   23
edition:   5
Year:   2018
Pages:   1059
DOI:   10.3390/molecules23051059
Publication date:   02-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • quercetin
  • interactions
  • gallic acid
More about Molecular Diversity Preservation International
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