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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 749: High-Temperature Wettability and Interactions between Y-Containing Ni-Based Alloys and Various Oxide Ceramics

Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 749: High-Temperature Wettability and Interactions between Y-Containing Ni-Based Alloys and Various Oxide Ceramics

Materials doi: 10.3390/ma11050749

Authors: Jinpeng Li Huarui Zhang Ming Gao Qingling Li Weidong Bian Tongxiang Tao Hu Zhang

To obtain appropriate crucible materials for vacuum induction melting of MCrAlY alloys, four different oxide ceramics, including MgO, Y2O3, Al2O3, and ZrO2, with various microstructures were designed and characterized. The high-temperature wettability and interactions between Ni-20Co-20Cr-10Al-1.5Y alloys and oxide ceramics were studied by sessile drop experiments under vacuum. The results showed that all the systems exhibited non-wetting behavior. The contact angles were stable during the melting process of alloys and the equilibrium contact angles were 140° (MgO), 148° (Y2O3), 154° (Al2O3), and 157° (ZrO2), respectively. The interfacial reaction between the ceramic substrates and alloys occurred at high temperature. Though the ceramics had different microstructures, similar continuous Y2O3 reaction layer with thicknesses of about 25 μm at the alloy-ceramic interface in MgO, Al2O3, and ZrO2 systems formed. The average area percentage of oxides in the alloy matrices were 0.59% (MgO), 0.11% (Al2O3), 0.09% (ZrO2), and 0.02% (Y2O3), respectively. The alloys, after reacting with MgO ceramic, had the highest inclusion content, while those with the lowest content were in the Y2O3 system. Y2O3 ceramic was the most beneficial for vacuum induction melting of high-purity Y-containing Ni-based alloys.

Authors:   Li, Jinpeng ; Zhang, Huarui ; Gao, Ming ; Li, Qingling ; Bian, Weidong ; Tao, Tongxiang ; Zhang, Hu
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   11
edition:   5
Year:   2018
Pages:   749
DOI:   10.3390/ma11050749
Publication date:   07-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • temperature
  • interactions
  • wetting
  • substrates
  • oxides
  • microstructures
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