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IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1610: Circulating Cell-Free DNA as a Prognostic and Molecular Marker for Patients with Brain Tumors under Perillyl Alcohol-Based Therapy

IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1610: Circulating Cell-Free DNA as a Prognostic and Molecular Marker for Patients with Brain Tumors under Perillyl Alcohol-Based Therapy

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms19061610

Authors: Giselle Faria Emanuelle Silva Clovis Da Fonseca Thereza Quirico-Santos

Tumor infiltration into brain tissue usually remains undetected even by high-resolution imaging. Molecular markers are used to increase diagnostic accuracy, but with limited continuous monitoring application. We evaluated the potential of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as a molecular indicator of the response to therapy by the intranasal administration (ITN) of perillyl alcohol (POH) in brain tumors. The cohort included 130 healthy subjects arranged as control-paired groups and patients at terminal stages with glioblastoma (GBM, n = 122) or brain metastasis (BM, n = 55) from stage IV adenocarcinomas. Serum cfDNA was isolated and quantified by fluorimetry. Compared with the controls (40 ng/mL), patients with brain tumors before ITN-POH treatment had increased (p < 0.0001) cfDNA median levels: GBM (286 ng/mL) and BM (588 ng/mL). ITN-POH treatment was significantly correlated (rho = −0.225; p = 0.024) with survival of >6 months at a concentration of 599 ± 221 ng/mL and of <6 months at 1626 ± 505 ng/mL, but a sharp and abrupt increase of cfDNA and tumor recurrence occurred after ITN-POH discontinuation. Patients under continuous ITN-POH treatment and checked with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatible with complete response had cfDNA levels similar to the controls. cfDNA may be used as a noninvasive prognostic and molecular marker for POH-based therapy in brain tumors and as an accurate screening tool for the early detection of tumor progression.

Authors:   Faria, Giselle ; Silva, Emanuelle ; Da Fonseca, Clovis ; Quirico-Santos, Thereza
Journal:   International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume:   19
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   1610
DOI:   10.3390/ijms19061610
Publication date:   30-May-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • ItN
  • brain tumors
  • imaging
  • glioblastoma
  • GBM
  • fluorimetry
  • DNA
  • concentration
  • alcohol
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