IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 380: Prevalence of Oral Clefts among Live Births in Gansu Province, China
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph15020380
Background: Oral clefts (OCs) are common human birth defects. Children with OCs in underdeveloped regions are more likely to suffer from poverty and hardship in their future lives. Here, we attempted to estimate the prevalence of OCs among live births in Gansu Province in 2008 to understand the epidemiologic pattern of the disease. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2008 to December 2008 in Gansu Province. The live births delivered between January and December 2008 with OCs were investigated through face-to-face questionnaire survey. Results: A total of 468 infants with OCs were identified among 347,137 live births in 2008 in Gansu Province, which yielded a prevalence of 1.35 per 1000 live births. The majority of these cases were CL (cleft lip) (prevalence = 0.85 per 1000 live births), and the prevalence of CLP (cleft lip and palate) and CP (cleft palate) was 0.34 and 0.11 per 1000 live births, respectively. We also found that the prevalence of OCs in Jiayuguan (3.39 per 1000 live births) and Dingxi (2.71 per 1000 live births) was higher than those of other cities in Gansu Province. Additionally, we failed to detect significant correlation between economic conditions of the cities and the prevalence of OCs in our study. Conclusions: The prevalence of OCs among live births in Gansu Province in 2008 was higher than the prevalence of OCs in other provinces in China. The high prevalence may reflect the need for further etiological studies to explore the potential risk factors in this region. In addition, more subtype information needs to be collected in future prevalence studies for better understanding of the epidemiologic pattern of the disease.