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Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1439: Power and Capacity Consensus Tracking of Distributed Battery Storage Systems in Modular Microgrids

Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1439: Power and Capacity Consensus Tracking of Distributed Battery Storage Systems in Modular Microgrids

Energies doi: 10.3390/en11061439

Authors: Xianyong Zhang Yaohong Huang Li Li Wei-Chang Yeh

Conventional microgrids have a specific system configuration and a complex hierarchical control structure, which has resulted in difficulties in their economic development. A modular microgrid based on distributed battery storage has been proposed to realize the rapid economic development of small-to-medium microgrids. Control of modular microgrids is simplified to voltage control within modules and exchange power control among modules. Battery power has great influence on battery performance. Space-time complementary power characteristics among modules help to alleviate power fluctuations, prolong the service life and realize the unified maintenance of distributed batteries. Leader-following consensus theory of multi-agent systems is adopted to realize the power and capacity consensus tracking of distributed battery storage in a modular microgrid. Sufficient and necessary conditions for continuous-time and sampled-data bounded power and capacity consensus tracking of distributed battery storages are deduced by a matrix analytical method. Steady regions of sampling period and sampling delay for sampled-data bounded power and capacity consensus tracking are determined by analytical or numerical solutions. Simulations and experiments on a modular microgrid demonstration project located on DongAo Island (China) show the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed power and capacity consensus tracking strategy for distributed storage systems. The power and capacity consensus tracking strategy determines the exchange power among modules and improves the control technology of modular microgrids.

Authors:   Zhang, Xianyong ; Huang, Yaohong ; Li, Li ; Yeh, Wei-Chang
Journal:   Energies
Volume:   11
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   1439
DOI:   10.3390/en11061439
Publication date:   04-Jun-2018
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