Source:Bioorganic Chemistry, Volume 79
Author(s): Manar G. Salem, Yasmine M. Abdel Aziz, Marwa Elewa, Hosam A. Elshihawy, Mohamed M. Said
Novel derivatives of spiroimidazolidinedione were synthesized and evaluated as hypoglycemic agents through binding to sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) in pancreatic beta-cells. Their selectivity index was calculated against both aldehyde reductase (ALR1) and aldose reductase (ALR2). Aldehyde reductase is a key enzyme in the polyol pathway that is involved in the etiology of the secondary diabetic complications. All structures were confirmed by microanalysis and by IR, 1
H NMR, 13
C NMR and EI-MS spectroscopy. The investigated compounds were subjected to molecular docking and an in silico prediction study to determine their free energy of binding (ΔG) values and predict their physicochemical properties and drug-likeness scores. Compound 1′-(5-chlorothiophene-2-ylsulfonyl)spiro[cyclohexane-1,5′-imidazolidine]-2′,4′-dione showed IC50 0.47 µM and 79% reduction in blood glucose level with a selectivity index 127 for ALR2.