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Sustainability, Vol. 10, Pages 1870: A Quantitative Method for Prediction of Environmental Aspects in Construction Sites of Residential Buildings

Sustainability, Vol. 10, Pages 1870: A Quantitative Method for Prediction of Environmental Aspects in Construction Sites of Residential Buildings

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su10061870

Authors: Luis Claudio A. Borja Sandro Fábio César Rita Dione A. Cunha Asher Kiperstok

Despite the sectoral initiatives, the construction industry faces difficulties in incorporating effective environmental impact control systems in construction sites. Most of the instruments have been adopting a qualitative approach to environmental issues, with few cases of a quantitative approach. This article introduces a quantitative method for predicting environmental aspects and impacts during the construction of residential buildings, through the integration between environmental indicators and construction cost bases. The methodology was based on the analysis of the relationships among activities, aspects and environmental impacts considered in EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) for the development of the method and its mathematical representation. A case study was carried out to evaluate the method using the bill of quantities (BOQ) from two residential construction sites to measure their environmental aspects. The results suggest the usefulness of the method in the decision-making process on the allocation of control systems and, in some cases, recommending the execution of off-site services to reduce the impacts on the site’s neighborhood. Additionally, the method proved to be easy to apply to evaluate construction sites, as well as flexible to incorporate other activities, adapting to the demand of builders and municipalities to reduce the environmental impacts of construction sites.

Authors:   Borja, Luis Claudio A.; César, Sandro Fábio; Cunha, Rita Dione A.; Kiperstok, Asher
Journal:   Sustainability
Volume:   10
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   1870
DOI:   10.3390/su10061870
Publication date:   04-Jun-2018
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