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Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1522: Performance and Emission Analysis of Rubber Seed, Palm, and Their Combined Blend in a Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engine

Energies, Vol. 11, Pages 1522: Performance and Emission Analysis of Rubber Seed, Palm, and Their Combined Blend in a Multi-Cylinder Diesel Engine

Energies doi: 10.3390/en11061522

Authors: Ibrahim Khalil Adam Abdul Rashid Abdul Aziz Morgan R. Heikal Suzana Yusup Firmansyah Ahmad Shahrul Ahmad Ezrann Zharif Zainal Abidin

In consideration of its vast resources in Malaysia, the potential use of a nonedible biodiesel source from rubber seed oil (RSO) is explored. However, a mixture with a high saturation content feedstock is required to increase its oxidation stability, which is caused by its 78.93% unsaturation content. Two blends of 20% and 50% v/v rubber seed biodiesel (RB) or palm biodiesel (PB) and varying percentage mixtures of these two feedstock oils biodiesel (RPB) were evaluated on combustion performance in a 55 kW multi-cylinder diesel engine at full load conditions. The results showed that feedstock blending offered benefits in terms of fuel properties enhancement, improved engine performance, and reduced emissions. In comparison to RB, RPB showed higher brake power (BP) of 1.18–2.97% and lower brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) of 0.85–3.69%, smoke opacity (11.89–14.19%), carbon monoxide (CO) of 2.48–6.93%, hydrocarbon (HC) of 2.36–9.34%, and Nitrogen oxide (NO) emissions of 2.34–5.93%. The cylinder pressures and heat release rates (HRR) of RPB blends were 8.47–11.43% and 36.02–46.61% higher than diesel, respectively. The start of combustion angles (SOC) of RB and RPB blends were from −13 to −15 °C and from −13.2 to −15.6 crank angle degree (°CA) before top dead center (BTDC), but the combustion delays were 6–8 °C and 5.4–7.8 °C shorter when compared to diesel fuel which were −10 °C BTDC and 11 °C, respectively. It can be concluded that RPB blends showed better performance and emissions over the individual rubber seed and palm biodiesel blends and can replace diesel fuel in unmodified engines.

Authors:   Adam, Ibrahim Khalil; Abdul Aziz, Abdul Rashid; Heikal, Morgan R.; Yusup, Suzana ; Firmansyah, ; Ahmad, Ahmad Shahrul; Zainal Abidin, Ezrann Zharif
Journal:   Energies
Volume:   11
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   1522
DOI:   10.3390/en11061522
Publication date:   12-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • oils
  • nitrogen oxides
  • Malaysia
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