My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1761: Quality Assessment of Surgical Disc Samples Discriminates Human Annulus Fibrosus and Nucleus Pulposus on Tissue and Molecular Level

IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 1761: Quality Assessment of Surgical Disc Samples Discriminates Human Annulus Fibrosus and Nucleus Pulposus on Tissue and Molecular Level

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms19061761

Authors: Ann-Kathrin Schubert Jeske Smink Mirko Arp Jochen Ringe Aldemar Hegewald Michael Sittinger

A discrimination of the highly specialised annulus fibrosus (AF) and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in the mature human intervertebral disc (IVD) is thus far still not possible in a reliable way. The aim of this study was to identify molecular markers that distinguish AF and NP cells in human disc tissue using microarray analysis as a screening tool. AF and NP samples were obtained from 28 cervical discs. First, all samples underwent quality sorting using two novel scoring systems for small-sized disc tissue samples including macroscopic, haptic and histological evaluation. Subsequently, samples with clear disc characteristics of either AF or NP that were free from impurities of foreign tissue (IVD score) and with low signs of disc degeneration on cellular level (DD score) were selected for GeneChip analysis (HGU1332P). The 11 AF and 9 NP samples showed distinctly different genome-wide transcriptomes. The majority of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) could be specifically assigned to the AF, whereas no DEG was exclusively expressed in the NP. Nevertheless, we identified 11 novel marker genes that clearly distinguished AF and NP, as confirmed by quantitative gene expression analysis. The novel established scoring systems and molecular markers showed the identity of AF and NP in disc starting material and are thus of great importance in the quality assurance of cell-based therapeutics in regenerative treatment of disc degeneration.

Authors:   Schubert, Ann-Kathrin ; Smink, Jeske J.; Arp, Mirko ; Ringe, Jochen ; Hegewald, Aldemar A.; Sittinger, Michael
Journal:   International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume:   19
edition:   6
Year:   2018
Pages:   1761
DOI:   10.3390/ijms19061761
Publication date:   13-Jun-2018
Facts, background information, dossiers
  • samples
  • tissue
  • genes
  • impurities
  • gene expression analysis
  • DEG
More about Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE