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Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1075: Online Structural-Health Monitoring of Glass Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastics Using Different Carbon Allotropes in the Interphase

Materials, Vol. 11, Pages 1075: Online Structural-Health Monitoring of Glass Fiber-Reinforced Thermoplastics Using Different Carbon Allotropes in the Interphase

Materials doi: 10.3390/ma11071075

Authors: Michael Thomas Müller Hendrik Florian Pötzsch Uwe Gohs Gert Heinrich

An electromechanical response behavior is realized by nanostructuring the glass fiber interphase with different highly electrically conductive carbon allotropes like carbon nanotubes (CNT), graphene nanoplatelets (GNP), or conductive carbon black (CB). The operational capability of these multifunctional glass fibers for an online structural-health monitoring is demonstrated in endless glass fiber-reinforced polypropylene. The electromechanical response behavior, during a static or dynamic three-point bending test of various carbon modifications, shows qualitative differences in the signal quality and sensitivity due to the different aspect ratios of the nanoparticles and the associated electrically conductive network densities in the interphase. Depending on the embedding position within the glass fiber-reinforced composite compression, shear and tension loadings of the fibers can be distinguished by different characteristics of the corresponding electrical signal. The occurrence of irreversible signal changes during the dynamic loading can be attributed to filler reorientation processes caused by polymer creeping or by destruction of electrically conductive paths by cracks in the glass fiber interphase.

Authors:   Müller, Michael Thomas; Pötzsch, Hendrik Florian; Gohs, Uwe ; Heinrich, Gert
Journal:   Materials
Volume:   11
edition:   7
Year:   2018
Pages:   1075
DOI:   10.3390/ma11071075
Publication date:   25-Jun-2018
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